On 15 August 1947, the history of our country was written in golden letters. the worth of freedom was understood by the people of that point who were subjugated. The country called the ‘golden bird’ became a cage of prickling bars for them. The movement for attaining independence started from 1857 ended on 15 August 1947 and our country became independent. India attained independence after 2 hundred years of slavery and hundred years of struggle. Here are some interesting facts associated with this Independence Day , about which only a few people are aware.
The declaration of Independence on August 15, 1947 was done at 12 in the night. WHY?
According to astrologers, the dates of independence that India had declared (between June 3 and August 15, 1947) were inauspicious and unholy. But Lord Mountbatten was adamant on 15 August. Astrologers worked out the solution that India should be declared independent at 12 o’clock at night because the new day starts at 12 o’clock in English time while the new day starts at sunrise in Indian time.
Every independent country has its own national flag. There was no official flag of our country. In 1906 a non-official flag made of horizontal strips of red, yellow and green was hoisted at Parsi Bagan Chowk (Green Park) Calcutta. The flag hoisted by Bhikaji Cama in 1907 was also similar to this flag but a lotus flower was made on its upper strip. The third flag arrived in 1917. In 1921, in the All India Congress Committee meeting, Gandhi was flagged off by a young man from Vijayawada, with red (saffron) and green color, which was a symbol of Hindu and Muslim religion. Later, as a symbol of other religions, Gandhiji added a white stripe and a moving spinning wheel to it. On 22 July 1947, the Constituent Assembly replaced this flag as the national flag and replaced the wheel of Emperor Ashoka with the spinning wheel. Thus the tricolor of the Congress Party became the national flag of independent India.
India had no national anthem at the time of independence. Jan-gana-mana, written by Guru Rabindranath Tagore, was given the place of national anthem on 24 January 1950. In 1911, when Delhi was made the capital of India instead of Calcutta, Guru Rabindranath Tagore was asked to write songs to welcome George V. He wrote the poem ‘Jana-gana-mana’ in Bengali language which had five verses. But only its first stanza was approved as the national anthem.
Absence of Mahatma Gandhi during celebration of 15 August 1947
While celebrating independence in Delhi, Red Fort, Gandhiji was sitting on hunger strike in Bengal, thousands of miles away. He was fasting to stop the Hindu-Muslim riots there.
At the time of independence, Goa was separated from India and made into a Portuguese state. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army conquered Goa and made it a part of India again.
Letter by Nehru & Sardar Vallabh
When the documents for independence were ready on 15 August, Nehruji and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel wrote a letter to Mahatma Gandhi saying that the celebration was a celebration of Independence Day and that he should join the celebrations as the Father of the Nation and bless him. Mahatma Gandhi responded to this by saying that when Hindu-Muslims are killing each other in Calcutta, how can they celebrate instead of stopping the riots.
Nehru’s historical speech
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru gave his historic speech ‘Tyrust with Destiny’ on 14 August 1947 at midnight. He gave this speech from the Viceroy Lodge which is today known as Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Determination of India-Pakistan border
Although Pakistan was officially separated on 14 August 1947 and India on 15 August 1947, the two did not form the boundary line. The Radcliffe Line announced their boundary line on 17 August.
Newspaper headlines on 15 August 1947
The morning of 15 August 1947 brought a new dawn for every Indian. The morning begins with the newspaper. The newspapers of this morning were also stained with the tales of independence. Hindustan was in the headlines, ‘Mars of Independence in India after centuries of slavery’ Hindustan Times was not far behind. Its first news was ‘India Independent: British Rules Andes’. India was also in the headlines of world famous newspapers.
Lack of promotion of freedom
Due to lack of communication medium on 15 August 1947, this news could not be received by the entire countrymen. At that time, news was published only in newspapers and was broadcast on radio in some places. Due to lack of them in remote areas, this news reached here late.