The Bombay High Court is one of the oldest High Courts in India. It was established in 1862 and is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The High Court has jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa.
The High Court was initially established as the ‘Bombay High Court of Judicature’ on 14th August 1862 under the High Courts Act, 1861.
The first Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court was Sir Charles Sargent, who served from 1862 to 1870.
Over the years, the Bombay High Court has played an important role in the history of Indian law. In 1947, it was one of the three High Courts in India, along with Calcutta and Madras, to have jurisdiction over the entire country. However, after the establishment of various High Courts in different states, the Bombay High Court’s jurisdiction was restricted to the states of Maharashtra and Goa.
The Bombay High Court has been a site for several landmark judgments and legal battles, including the famous Nanavati case in 1959, which had a significant impact on India’s legal system.
The High Court has also played a crucial role in safeguarding the rights of the common people and upholding the rule of law.
Today, the Bombay High Court is considered to be one of the most respected and prestigious High Courts in India, with a rich history and legacy.