Champagne (/ʃæmˈpeɪn/, French: [ʃɑ̃paɲ]) is sparkling wine or, in EU countries, legally only that sparkling wine which comes from the Champagne region of France.
Where EU law applies, this alcoholic drink is produced from grapes grown in the Champagne region of France following rules that demand, among other things, secondary fermentation of the wine in the bottle to create carbonation, specific vineyard practices, sourcing of grapes exclusively from specific parcels in the Champagne appellation and specific pressing regimes unique to the region.
Many people use the term Champagne as a generic term for sparkling wine but in some countries, it is illegal to label any product Champagne unless it both comes from the Champagne region and is produced under the rules of the appellation.
Who invented it? Unknown When? 1490s What happened? The bubbles in champagne were initially considered a serious problem for the Champagne region.
Changes in climate starting during the 1490s caused temperatures to drop, creating a shorter growing season.
The effect on fermentation was disastrous. The yeast that converted sugars to alcohol in grape juice would stop working too early and lay dormant until the following spring.
When the weather warmed back up, the yeast would start a second fermentation, producing carbon dioxide in the juice.
This secondary fermentation caused stoppers to push out and bottles to explode. But once these bubbles were harnessed, the results were miraculous.